bill to ban solitary confinement in federal prisons introduced in house

Bill to ban solitary confinement in federal prisons introduced in House

Solitary confinement, a practice that isolates inmates in cells for extended periods, has long been a controversial issue in the United States’ criminal justice system. In a significant move towards addressing this concern, a coalition of House Democrats introduced the “End Solitary Confinement Act.” This bill aims to broadly ban the use of solitary confinement in federal prisons, jails, and detention centers, emphasizing human rights and the well-being of incarcerated individuals. In this article, we will delve into the key aspects of the proposed legislation and its potential impact on the lives of those behind bars.

Understanding the End Solitary Confinement Act

Restricting Isolation Hours

The bill sets forth strict limitations on solitary confinement. Inmates and detainees would not be segregated alone for more than four hours, primarily as a means to de-escalate emergency situations. Moreover, during this time, staff would be required to meet with them at least once an hour, ensuring regular human interaction and intervention.

Ensuring Access to Daily Time Out

The legislation goes beyond restrictions on isolation hours and guarantees incarcerated individuals at least 14 hours of daily time outside their cells. This period includes access to seven hours of programming aimed at addressing crucial topics like mental health, substance abuse, and violence prevention. By providing such opportunities, the act seeks to support rehabilitation and reintegration into society.

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The Prevalence of Solitary Confinement

According to a nonprofit watchdog report based on government data, approximately 122,000 people in federal and state adult prisons, as well as federal and local jails, experience restrictive housing, commonly known as solitary confinement, for 22 hours or more each day. This widespread use of solitary confinement has raised concerns about its psychological and emotional impact on inmates.

Voices of Support

The End Solitary Confinement Act has gained significant support from various quarters, including lawmakers and advocacy organizations.

Representative Cori Bush’s Vision

Rep. Cori Bush, one of the co-leaders of the legislation, highlights the need for change. She emphasizes that subjecting individuals to prolonged solitary confinement only leads to trauma, violence, and death as a response. Her vision is to transform the correctional system into one that prioritizes rehabilitation and human dignity.

Advocacy Organizations Endorsement

More than 150 legal, faith-based, and criminal justice advocacy organizations, including the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and the NAACP, are endorsing the bill. These endorsements demonstrate the widespread recognition of the urgency in addressing the issue and advocating for humane treatment in correctional facilities.

Potential Impact and Challenges

Protecting Vulnerable Populations

The bill takes a comprehensive approach to protect vulnerable populations, such as juveniles and pregnant or LGBTQ prisoners, by ending the use of solitary confinement for these groups entirely.

Oversight Mechanisms

If the legislation becomes law, oversight mechanisms will be installed to ensure accountability and transparency. This includes the creation of a community monitoring body empowered to investigate complaints of abuse, giving prisoners greater protection for their due process rights.

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The Road Ahead

Seeking Bipartisan Support

The bill’s ultimate success will depend on garnering bipartisan support. Convincing lawmakers of its potential benefits and positive impact on the criminal justice system will be crucial to its passage.

The Biden Administration’s Role

President Joe Biden pledged to overhaul the federal prison system, with a commitment to ending the practice of solitary confinement, except for very limited exceptions. The bill’s advocates are hopeful that the administration will take up the issue and lend its support to the cause.


The End Solitary Confinement Act represents a significant step towards reforming the criminal justice system in the United States. By placing strict limitations on the use of solitary confinement and emphasizing rehabilitation, the bill strives to protect the rights and well-being of incarcerated individuals. The widespread support from various organizations and the community at large reflects the urgency of this issue. The proposed legislation’s success will bring a profound positive change to the lives of thousands of inmates across the country, fostering a more compassionate and humane correctional system.


  1. What is solitary confinement? Solitary confinement is a practice in the criminal justice system where inmates are isolated in cells for extended periods, often with limited human interaction.
  2. Why is solitary confinement controversial? Solitary confinement is controversial due to its potential psychological and emotional impact on inmates, leading to concerns about trauma and violence.
  3. How will the bill protect vulnerable populations? The bill aims to end the use of solitary confinement for vulnerable populations, including juveniles and pregnant or LGBTQ prisoners.
  4. What are oversight mechanisms in the legislation? The legislation proposes the creation of a community monitoring body to investigate complaints of abuse, ensuring accountability.
  5. Will President Biden support the bill? While the White House has not yet responded, President Biden has expressed a commitment to ending solitary confinement, which offers hope for the bill’s endorsement.
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