eden camp museum

Eden Camp Museum

Nestled in the countryside of North Yorkshire, England lies a fascinating museum that brings history to life. Eden Camp Modern History Museum is an immersive experience housed in an original WWII prisoner of war camp. Through its expansive collection of exhibits and restored military artifacts, Eden Camp provides unique insights into 20th century conflicts and what life was like for service members.

Originally built in 1942 to hold POWs during WWII, the abandoned camp was later renovated into a museum that opened its doors in 1987. Housing its exhibits in the original 33 huts, Eden Camp offers an authentic backdrop that transports visitors back in time. Over the years, it has expanded to cover both world wars, major 20th century events, and the experiences of British service members in various conflicts.

From its humble beginnings as an Italian and German POW camp to its current status as one of the most engaging history museums in England, Eden Camp’s evolution has been nothing short of remarkable.

History as WWII POW Camp

Long before visitors walked its paths learning about history, Eden Camp served a pivotal role housing POWs during WWII.

Constructed in 1942 on the grounds of the Fitzwilliam Estates in Malton, North Yorkshire, Eden Camp opened as a base to hold Italian POWs behind barbed wire. After the Italian forces were transferred out in 1943, the camp briefly housed Polish forces before becoming home to German POWs by mid-1944.

For the remainder of WWII until 1949, Eden Camp held German prisoners of war. Up to 4,000 POWs may have stayed there at any one time during the war. After the last POWs left in 1949, the abandoned camp was briefly used for agriculture and storage purposes. But by the mid-1950s, Eden Camp sat vacant and became overgrown by wild vegetation.

This forgotten camp would later be resurrected to become the living museum visitors love today. But first, it needed a few visionaries to see its potential.

Transition to Museum

Purchase and Initial Idea

In 1985, businessman Stan Johnson purchased the long-abandoned Eden Camp with the intent of establishing a potato crisp factory onsite. However, a visit by three former Italian POWs looking to reminisce about their imprisonment led to a new idea. Recognizing the cultural and historical value of preserving the camp as it was, Johnson decided to create a museum instead.

The site required extensive clearing of overgrown vegetation and repairs to the infrastructure, but the vision was set in motion. Providing an authentic setting while sharing its remarkable history, Eden Camp would enable visitors to step back in time.

Clearing and Renovations

Before exhibits could be installed, significant restoration work was needed on the 80 year old neglected huts and camp infrastructure.

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Much of the 33 huts slated to become part of the museum required extensive repairs. Doors, windows, and roofing needed replacement in many buildings that sat deteriorating for decades. Pathways and electrical systems also needed updating after years of neglect.

Bringing Eden Camp back to life was a major undertaking. Tons of overgrown vegetation had to be cleared just to make the camp accessible and ready for renovations. Vintage military vehicles unearthed onsite needed expert restoration work as well.

Getting Eden Camp ready to open as a modern, accessible museum took a monumental effort, but would soon provide the perfect backdrop.

Grand Opening in 1987

After extensive renovations and collecting unique exhibits, Eden Camp formally opened its doors to the public on March 21, 1987. Billed as the world’s first modern history theme museum, 10 huts were used to display compelling exhibits about WWII experiences.

Just two years prior, Eden Camp was an overgrown abandoned camp that few knew still existed. Its grand opening marked the incredible transformation into a captivating living museum. By utilizing the original camp buildings, exhibits had an authenticity that immediately transported visitors back in time.

The museum provided early visitors a glimpse of life as a POW, stories of wartime spies, and insights into major WWII events. This was just the beginning, as Eden Camp would continue expanding its exhibits to cover new eras and milestones in 20th century history.

Exhibits and Expansions Over the Years

Initial Exhibits in 1987

When Eden Camp first opened its doors in 1987, the inaugural exhibits focused on providing insights into different aspects of WWII.

The first 10 huts used for the museum featured exhibits like:

  • Life as a POW: Detailed living conditions and experiences for prisoners held at Eden Camp.
  • Women’s Services: Spotlighting critical roles women filled during wartime.
  • The Home Front: A glimpse at how British citizens persevered during WWII.
  • Conflicts and Warfare: Evolution of weaponry and tactics used during major battles.
  • Espionage: Profiling spies and covert operations that shaped key events.

These initial exhibits offered a well-rounded perspective on WWII experiences both at home and in combat. Additional exhibits covering new topics and eras would be added over time.

Interwar Period Exhibit Added in 1990

In 1990, the museum expanded its scope beyond WWII by opening its first exhibit profiling the interwar period between 1919 to 1939.

Hut 24 was dedicated to covering the military and political events that occurred in the decades between World War I and II. This provided helpful context for understanding the global climate leading into WWII.

By broadening its horizons beyond just WWII, the museum could provide deeper insights into 20th century history. The interwar exhibit would be the first of other new displays that looked at eras beyond WWII over time.

Military Vehicles and Sleeping Beauty Exhibits

One of Eden Camp’s most unique assets is its extensive collection of restored military vehicles from WWII and other conflicts.

The museum is home to exhibits featuring:

  • A “Sleeping Beauty” submersible canoe used by British forces for stealth missions.
  • Multiple human torpedo submarines employed by the Italian Royal Navy.
  • A rare original Super Sherman tank from WWII fully restored to working condition.
  • Many other military transport and weaponry vehicles from key eras.

These rare vehicles provide an immersive look into how armed forces traveled and fought during pivotal 20th century battles on land, air, and sea.

Reproduction V1 Rocket

Eden Camp added a reproduction German V-1 flying bomb to its exhibits to showcase this early unmanned missile used during WWII.

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The Nazi-built V-1, also known as the buzz bomb, was an innovative drone that gave Germany a way to attack Britain from afar late in the war. While the V-1 on display is a replica, it offers insights into early aerospace advancements that transformed warfare.

New Millennium Expansions

As Eden Camp entered the new millennium, further exhibit expansions continued broadening the scope beyond WWII.

WWI Exhibit Added in 2000

Recognizing that WWII did not happen in isolation, Eden Camp added an exhibit on World War I in 2000. Hut 11 was dedicated to showcasing the military technology, key events, and experiences of those living through the First World War.

By including WWI, the museum could better illustrate how the earlier conflict shaped the landscape leading into WWII. It provided helpful framing for understanding WWII’s origins.

Post WWII Conflicts Exhibit in 1999

In 1999, Hut 13 was opened at Eden Camp featuring exhibits about British military involvement in conflicts after WWII through present day.

Covering deployments such as the Falklands War, Gulf War, and peacekeeping missions in Bosnia, this exhibit provided insights into how modern warfare has evolved. It also honored those who served their country in more recent operations.

Prince Philip’s Visit in 2002

On November 8, 2002, Eden Camp had the honor of hosting His Royal Highness Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh for a visit. Prince Philip himself had served in the Royal Navy during WWII.

The Prince toured the museum’s collections including the Italian submarine exhibit. His visit represented a special recognition of Eden Camp’s cultural significance in preserving military history.

POW Artifact Exhibit Opening

In 2002, the museum expanded its POW exhibits with the opening of Hut 10 featuring displays of artifacts and personal items from prisoners held at Eden Camp and other camps during WWII.

Soldiers housed at Eden Camp crafted and used items like clothing, games, tools, and more to endure imprisonment. These artifacts provide an intimate look into the resourcefulness and perseverance of POWs.

Medal Room Created in 2006

Eden Camp museum established a special room to display an extensive collection of medals earned by British service members.

The Medal Room exhibits decorations awarded for valor and campaign service across different 20th century conflicts. It provides a visual tribute recognizing the courage and sacrifice of these men and women.

Forces Reunion Hut Upgrade in 2009

In 2009, Hut 22 was redesigned to serve as the Forces Reunion exhibit. This updated exhibit space displays hundreds of photographs of British service members who served at various points in the 20th century.

Veterans and their families are invited to submit photos of their loved ones in uniform to be displayed as a way of reuniting forces through history.

Ongoing Renovations and Upgrades

While new exhibits were added over the years, Eden Camp also continually invested in ongoing renovations and infrastructure upgrades.

Many of the 80-year old huts and structures required modern updates and repairs to electrics, roofing, doors, and accessibility features. Expanding gift shop and restaurant spaces to enrich the visitor experience was also a priority.

Regular investments to enhance and maintain facilities ensures Eden Camp can keep inspiring new generations to learn history.

Recognition and Accolades

Eden Camp’s unique approach to curating 20th century experiences has earned wide acclaim and recognition over the years.

Yorkshire Tourism Awards

  • In 1992, Eden Camp won “Visitor Attraction of the Year” from the Yorkshire Tourist Board.
  • The museum earned the Yorkshire Tourist Board’s “Tourism for All” honor in both 1995 and 1996 for its accessibility initiatives.
  • Eden Camp was voted “Visitor Attraction of the Year” again by Yorkshire Tourist Board in 1998.
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High Rankings and Ratings

  • In 2001, readers of Group Travel Organiser magazine voted Eden Camp the 2nd best attraction in the UK behind only the London Eye.
  • The museum maintains a 4+ star rating on prominent review sites. Visitors consistently praise its engaging exhibits and skilled preservation of history.

Earning these tourism awards and favorable ratings over the decades reflects Eden Camp’s status as a top museum.

Recent Upgrades and Additions

While cherishing its roots, Eden Camp continues evolving with new exhibits and facility upgrades to remain a top modern history destination.

Blitz Experience in 2021

In 2021, the museum invested in fully redeveloping its “Blitz Experience” exhibit inside Hut 5. State of the art lighting, audio, projections, and artifacts transport visitors back to the air raids of the London Blitz during WWII.

Infrastructure Investments in 2022

Extensive infrastructure upgrades in 2022 improved accessibility and sustainability across the 80-year old site. Investments included:

  • New roofing, doors, and windows installed across the 33 huts.
  • Front area of the museum re-landscaped with new signage and parking upgrades.
  • Multiple wildflower meadows planted to enhance the grounds.
  • New solar-powered toilet facilities added.
  • Diesel generator replaced with electricity cable to reduce carbon footprint.
  • The new Heritage Hall events space opened, housing restored vintage vehicles.

New Wedding Ceremony License

Catering to demand, Eden Camp acquired a license in 2023 to host wedding ceremonies onsite in addition to receptions. Couples can now get married surrounded by history in this unique venue.

Eden Camp Today and In the Future

From Humble POW Camp to Must-See Museum

What began as a forgotten WWII POW camp has been thoroughly transformed into one of England’s most engaging history museums. Eden Camp’s rare setting coupled with its expanding exhibits continues to resonate with visitors after over 35 years.

Looking ahead, museum staff remain committed to new renovations and exhibits that make history come alive. Preserving these huts for future generations while continually enhancing the visitor experience remains central to Eden Camp’s mission.

More major milestones are likely on the horizon as the museum embraces new technology and storytelling methods. While cherishing its roots, Eden Camp’s evolution never stops as it honors the past while looking toward the future.


What time period does Eden Camp cover?

Eden Camp’s exhibits span multiple key eras and events across 20th century history. Its collections include artifacts and displays on both World War I and II, the interwar period between WW1 and WW2, as well as British military involvements during the Cold War era, Falklands War, Gulf War, and other late 20th century conflicts.

How can I get married at Eden Camp?

Eden Camp began offering wedding ceremonies onsite in 2023 in addition to wedding receptions and events. Couples interested in getting married at Eden Camp can contact the museum to inquire about availability and booking. As a licensed venue, the museum can now host the full wedding experience.

Are there military vehicles on display?

Yes, Eden Camp has an extensive collection of restored military vehicles from the World Wars and other conflicts that visitors can view. Key highlights include tanks, human torpedoes, a submersible canoe, and different air and land transport vehicles used through the 20th century.

Is Eden Camp wheelchair accessible?

Yes, Eden Camp has wheelchair accessible pathways leading throughout the museum grounds and exhibits. Certain very rugged off-road vehicles on display may not be fully accessible. But the vast majority of Eden Camp’s exhibits, huts, restaurant, and facilities are navigable for wheelchairs and mobility devices.

What COVID precautions are in place?

Eden Camp has implemented recommended COVID-19 health and safety measures. This includes:

  • Online ticketing and visitor number limits to allow for social distancing.
  • Enhanced cleaning and hand sanitizer stations throughout the museum.
  • Required mask wearing indoors unless exempt.
  • Protective screens at service counters.
  • Contactless payment options.
  • Collaboration with local health authorities to ensure appropriate precautions.

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