state prison in vridsloselille

State Prison in Vridsløselille

Historical Background

Early Years

Vridsløselille Prison, originally named “Tugthus” or “House of Corrections,” was established in 1859 in Albertslund, a municipality near Copenhagen, Denmark. The prison served as a closed men’s prison, holding up to 220 prisoners at any given time.

Major Events

Throughout its operational years, Vridsløselille Prison witnessed many noteworthy events. In World War II, it served as a place of execution for members of the Danish resistance movement. This historical marker in Danish prison history adds a touch of somber intrigue to its legacy.

Architectural Significance

Design and Construction

The prison was designed by architect Johan Daniel Herholdt in a Neo-Gothic style, which was unusual for prison buildings of the time. The unique horseshoe shape was inspired by the Panopticon model, allowing guards to surveil inmates easily.

Noteworthy Features

One of the prison’s most iconic features is its central watchtower, offering guards an unobstructed view of all wings. The premises also included a chapel, a hospital, workshops, and a library, indicating a holistic approach towards prison rehabilitation.

Life Inside Vridsløselille Prison

Daily Routine

The daily life inside Vridsløselille was quite structured, with schedules for work, meals, exercise, and sleep. This was aimed at instilling discipline and reforming the inmates’ character.

See also  State Prison in Jyderup

Facilities and Services

Vridsløselille had a range of facilities that aimed to provide a semblance of normalcy for the inmates. From libraries and sports facilities to workshops where inmates could learn useful skills, it offered opportunities for self-improvement.

Notable Inmates

Famous Stories

Several famous inmates walked through the gates of Vridsløselille over the years. It was famously the incarceration site of Carl August Lorentzen, a notorious burglar who dug a tunnel to escape in 1949. His escape remains a notable event in Danish prison lore.

Reforms and Changes Over the Years

Legal Reforms

Over the years, significant legal reforms impacted life at Vridsløselille. Increasing emphasis on rehabilitation over punishment led to an evolving attitude towards the role of prisons in society.

Physical Changes

Vridsløselille also underwent physical changes, with renovations and modifications aimed at improving living conditions and safety for both the inmates and the staff.

Vridsløselille Prison Today

Current Status

The prison officially closed its doors in 2016 and has since stood as a landmark of historical and architectural interest.

Future Plans

Currently, there are plans to transform the prison complex into a new residential area, thereby ensuring the old structure retains its relevance in a modern context.


Vridsløselille Prison stands as a testament to the evolution of the prison system, a silent observer to the shifting societal attitudes towards punishment and rehabilitation. Its story is one of resilience and transformation, making it a captivating chapter in the history of Denmark’s penitentiary system.


  1. When was Vridsløselille Prison established?
    • Vridsløselille Prison was established in 1859.
  2. What was the capacity of the prison?
    • The prison could hold up to 220 inmates at a time.
  3. What style was the prison built in?
    • The prison was built in a Neo-Gothic style.
  4. Who was the most notorious inmate of Vridsløselille Prison?
    • The most notorious inmate was Carl August Lorentzen, a burglar who famously escaped through a tunnel in 1949.
  5. What is the current status of Vridsløselille Prison?
    • The prison closed in 2016 and there are plans to convert it into a residential area.
See also  State Prison in Renbæk

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